Finger or toe nail fungus is caused by specific pathogenic fungi. This pathology can, under certain conditions, be transmitted from a sick person to a healthy one, is difficult to cure and tends to progress. In drug therapy, preparations of the fungicide group (antifungal agents) are used. Folk remedies have been widely used, which have sufficient effectiveness when used correctly.
Causes and mechanism of development of a fungal infection
The causative agent of infection are specific pathogenic fungi, groups of ringworms, epidermophytes and microspores. In the process of parasitization of human skin and nails, these fungi secrete spores, which, penetrating through the microcracks in the nail of a healthy person, germinate in it and give rise to a pathological process. The spores form filamentous micelles, which form the basis of the fungus. These structures have a strong cell wall that is not affected by the immune system. Therefore, the body cannot get rid of the infection on its own, treatment is necessary to destroy the micelles and fungal spores.
Factors contributing to fungal infection
Fungal spore infection does not always occur, but under certain conditions:
- Going to public swimming pools, showers, or saunas without personal footwear increases the risk of infection.
- Use someone else's shoes, which may contain spores of the fungus.
- Microtrauma of the nails (wearing tight shoes, gloves), through which the penetration of spores is facilitated.
- Closed shoes, where high humidity develops, which softens the nails and creates favorable conditions for the penetration of fungal spores.
- Failure to comply with the rules of personal hygiene to keep the skin of the hands and feet clean.
Most often, a fungal infection develops in the toenails. However, due to the larger stratum corneum within them, the treatment is more complex and longer.
The advantages of using folk methods of treating mushrooms
Traditional medicine has a wide range of antifungal agents (antifungals). Their use has several advantages over the use of chemically synthesized drugs:
- Efficiency - with proper preparation and local application, a folk remedy for mushrooms has a pronounced antifungal effect.
- All traditional medicines are applied topically in the form of ointments, lotions or rubs, so they do not have a systemic effect on the body.
- Safety of use - most folk remedies are of natural origin, therefore, they do not adversely affect the body during the treatment process.
- Availability - unlike drugs, folk remedies are inexpensive, most of them can be found in a pharmacy or prepared independently.
- The possibility of their use by pregnant or lactating women and children.
- Virtually no allergic reactions or individual intolerances.
In general, the treatment of a fungal infection is lengthy, so you need to be patient and disciplined to perform daily procedures.
Preparation of nails for treatment with folk remedies
The basis for the effectiveness of the use of traditional medicine is the sufficient intake of active substances in the nail to provide a fungicidal effect. Therefore, proper preparation for the application of the product is very important, which includes:
- keep nails clean;
- maximum removal of the affected nail plate with the help of nail scissors and individual nail files, which after the procedure are placed in a 70% alcohol solution for disinfection;
- use a nail bath with a hot solution of soapy soda for half an hour to soften the stratum corneum and subsequently improve the penetration of the active ingredients;
- rubbing the nail surface with a cotton swab dipped in alcohol to degrease.
Traditional medicine recipes for the treatment of nail fungus
There are a significant number of effective methods for the destruction of the fungus using such simple homemade recipes:
- Treatment of the affected nail with a 5% solution of iodine, which is a powerful antiseptic, is carried out within a month by double lubrication.
- The Kombucha compress is a very effective remedy, it is applied at night, the Kombucha must be cut out according to the shape of the nail, applied to it, bandaged and tied with cellophane. During the first procedures, pain may appear, which then disappears. The course of such treatment is at least 3 months.
- Treatment of the nail with celandine juice, which is squeezed from the leaves and stem of the plant, is carried out several times a day, trying to prevent the juice from reaching healthy skin.
- A tar soap compress, which is a natural antiseptic: crushed and moistened with soap and water in the form of gruel is applied to the nail and tied with cellophane oilcloth, the procedure is best done before bedtime.
- Wetting the nail with a 20% alcohol solution of propolis (sold ready-made in a pharmacy or self-prepared infusion by insisting on alcohol in a ratio of 1: 5) is done 1 time per day, after a week the affected nail will go far.
- A compress of rowan leaves (grinding of fresh leaves in the form of gruel) is applied at night, in the morning the nail is treated with a 5% iodine solution.
- Treatment of the affected nail with the juice of the medicinal plant of the golden mustache is carried out several times a day for 3-4 weeks.
Treatment of nail fungus with folk remedies is effective against most types of pathogenic fungi. If such therapy is ineffective, it is necessary to consult a dermatologist who will prescribe a laboratory examination to determine the type of fungus and prescribe appropriate treatment.